Many of the Chinese mythological characters and legendary gods were written in ancient literature. Some of the mythical or historic ones describe the origins of the universe, gods, and mankind. Some mythology deals with the birth of things, individuals, and societies. Myths explain events that occurred in the past. Many of them involve a cultural hero who taught people how to construct, cook, or write, or who was an ethnic or dynastic ancestor. The connection between ritual and mythology is established here.
Events in Chinese history led to the creation of lucky charms like inscriptions, pictograms, symbols, and patterns. These can be found on a variety of things, such as coins, artifacts, woodwork, bronze, clothing, decorations for the home, paintings, and so on.
One of the most common artifacts are Chinese numismatic charms, which are ornamental coins used for fortune telling, superstitions, and Feng Shui. Charms with inscriptions like "Thousand years of long life" were cast towards the end of the Northern dynasties and persisted through the Khitan Liao, Jurchen Jin, and Mongol Yuan dynasties. Chinese dragons, qilin, flowers, fish, deer, insects, Chinese phoenixes, fish, and people were popular in the Tang and Song dynasties. These open-work charms were used as clothing and horse ornaments. During the Tang and Song dynasties, the backs of talismans started to have Taoist symbols like yin-yang symbols, the eight trigrams, and the Chinese zodiacs.
Nowadays, "auspicious charms" or "good luck charms" are popular, and they are etched with numerous Chinese characters that symbolise good fortune and success. There was widespread belief in their powerful effects, and they were traditionally employed to ward off negative energies and protect families. They usually have four or eight characters who hope for good luck, riches, money, a long life, numerous children, and good jobs. Others would have Taoism, Confucius, Buddhism, Talisman themes such as Inscriptions, Bagua, weaponry, Legendary Figures, Zodiacs, Stars, and so on for tremendous effort in manifesting favorable outcomes in one's life.